Structure of manufacturing industries:

The priority industrial sectors include the most important areas for the region – automobile industry and metallurgy, petrochemical and defense industries. These industries traditionally determine the situation in the region’s industry setting the vector for its future development.

  • oil refining - 27,8%

  • metallurgy - 11,5%

  • automobile production - 19,3%

  • chemicals - 7,0%

  • food industry - 6,4%

  • communications electronics - 3,6%

  • wood processing - 0,7%

  • other - 23,7%

Enterprises of the Nizhny Novgorod Region provide the Russian Federation with an extensive range of products:

Buses (< 5 tons)
Steel pipes
Safe glass

The industrial production index in 2020:


Industrial production
(the average index in Russia is 97,4%)
Manufacturing industries
(the average index in Russia 100,6%)

Trading partners of the Nizhny Novgorod Region are 140 CIS and non-CIS countries.


Mineral, machine-building and chemical products predominate in the commodity structure of the region’s export.


 The leading places in the import of goods are occupied by engineering, chemical, food products and raw materials, as well as metals and metal products.


Automobile Industry
1st place in Russia in the production of buses
The largest economy sector

The automobile industry is one of the strategic sectors of the Nizhny Novgorod Region’s economy, which has a multiplier effect on related industries and determines the level of social and economic development of the region. Demand in this industry generates the need for high-tech products of metallurgical, chemical, electrical and other industries, while creating a large number of jobs.


Key enterprises:


GAZ Group (part of the holding company "Russian machines") is the largest manufacturer of commercial and special vehicles, cars and trucks in Russia.


Key manufacturing enterprises:


  • Avtozavod GAZ, LLC




  • Pavlovo Bus Factory, LLC


  • PJSC Pavlovo Bus

The following enterprises are engaged in the production of powerplants and vehicle components:


  • Nizhny Novgorod Motors, LLC – production of auto parts for domestic cars, trucks and minibuses


  • Autocomponent Group of Companies – production of plastic parts


  • Radiator plant, LLC – production of radiators


  • Acoustic Materials Plant “Avtotekhnika” – production of insulation materials


  • Autodetal, LLC – production of auto components for GAZ conveyors


  • Nizhny Novgorod Production Association “Autopromagregat” – production of pipelines for brake and fuel systems, lighting fixtures, gasoline vapor recovery systems and many others for Russian automobile plants GAZ, UAZ, VAZ


  • Magna Automotiv Rus, JSC – a joint venture of the Canadian company Magna International for the production of plastic auto parts


  • Daido Metal Russia, LLC – a subsidiary of Daido Metal Co., Ltd., Japan, a major suppliers of sliding bearings for assembly conveyors in Russia and CIS enterprises
Shipbuilding is the oldest branch of Nizhny Novgorod engineering
The Volga and Oka rivers are the largest waterways of the region
Access to five seas - Azov, Caspian, Black, Baltic, White

The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the largest industrial centers of the Russian Federation with a great potential in shipbuilding

Shipbuilders of the Nizhny Novgorod Region produce a wide range of civil and auxiliary vessels for the Navy’s needs, such as:


  • Passenger cruise ships


  • Tankers (for transportation of bulk crude oil and petroleum products)


  • Dry bulk vessels


  • Reinforced concrete structures (floating docks, landing stages)


  • Trailing suction hopper dredger (for excavation and removal of soil in navigable waterways)


  • Boats (sea-going speed hovercrafts and lading boats, diving support vessels, service and auxiliary boats, emergency rescue boats with special equipment)


  • Icebreaking tugs and ice-class speedboats


  • Port equipment and marine engineering products


  • Docks

The shipbuilding industry of the Nizhny Novgorod Region includes:

Key enterprises:


  • Plant “Krasnoye Sormovo”, PJSC – production of merchant marine vessels (dry cargo vessels, tankers), passenger vessels (cruise passenger vessels of river and mixed "river-sea" navigation), oil and gas equipment for onshore drilling rigs, offshore drilling platforms, etc.


  • Shipbuilding Plant “Volga”, JSC – construction of high-speed ships for various purposes (passenger vessels, cargo vessels, rescue vessels, patrol boats, recreational boats)


  • ZNT Yard – construction of technical and auxiliary fleet ships, port equipment and manufacture of marine engineering products


  • Sokolskaya Shipyard, JSC – production and modernization of auxiliary fleet vessels, special vessels and boats (military shipbuilding); production of barges, landing stages for ferry crossings, docks, dry cargo ships, motor yachts (civil shipbuilding)


  • Okskaya Sudoverf, JSC – construction of oil and dry cargo medium-tonnage vessels of mixed navigation, container ships, special and service vessels, barges; production of mobile pontoon parks, floating road bridges 


  • Alekseyev Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau, JSC – design of hydrofoil ships, boats, ground-effect vehicles, air cavity landing boats, air-cushioned crafts, freight amphibious vehicles, etc.
Chemical Industry
Manufacture of coke, oil products and nuclear materials (oil refining)
Chemical production
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

Chemistry and petrochemistry are the key elements of the Nizhny Novgorod Region’s economy.


  • The manufacture of petroleum products is most significant in the structure of manufacturing industries. In 2020, sales of manufactured products amounted to RUB 250 billion


  • In the chemical industry, sales of manufactured products amounted to RUB 105 billion


  • In the sector of rubber and plastic products, sales of manufactured products amounted to RUB 37.4 billion


  • The number of employees in the industry is 14,441 people


  • 5 chemical research institutes:
    - Urea and Organic Synthesis Research Institute

- V.A. Kargin Polymer Chemistry and Technology Research Institute

- Chemistry Research Institute of N. I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod

- G.A. Razuvaev Institute of Organometallic Chemistry

- G.G. Devyatykh Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances


  • Industry-tailored development of new advanced technologies


  • Automotive and petrochemical industry innovation cluster – 89 participants

Key enterprises:


  • Orgkhim Biochemical Holding – developer and manufacturer of large-capacity products of "green chemistry" (plasticizer oils, antioxidants, emulsifiers, turpentine products, rosin products, adhesive additives, other oil refining products)


  • Nizhpharm, JSC – manufacture of pharmaceutical products


  • Biaksplen, LLC – the production of biaxially-oriented polypropylene films (BOPF)


  • Norchem Group of Companies – a manufacturer of surfactants and polyethylene glycols


  • LUKOIL-Nizhegorodnefteorgsintez, LLC – manufacture of over 70 types of marketable petroleum products: automobile, aviation and diesel fuels, oil bitumen, paraffins, etc. It is one of the leading Russian enterprises with an oil refining capacity of 17 million tons per year. It takes the fourth place in the country and the first place in LUKOIL, PJSC


  • Rusvinyl, LLC – PVC and ethylene production

Dzerzhinsk is the center of the chemical industry (30 km from Nizhny Novgorod)

The sales volume of chemical products in 2019
The number of employees in the industry

Access to talents:


  • Human Resources Center (jointly with the Ya. M. Sverdlova State Owned Enterprise) 


  • Basic departments at the city’s chemical enterprises (Kristall State Research Institute JSC, NIPOM JSC)


  • Targeted training at Sibur-Neftekhim PJSC (training program tailored for the company’s needs)


  • Project focused training for scientific and applied projects on instructions of the companies (Polymer Research Institute, JSC; Sibur-Neftekhim, PJSC; etc.)

Key enterprises of Dzerzhinsk:


  • Sibur-Neftekhim, PJSC – production of oxides of ethylene and glycol and production of acrylic acid and esters


  • Norchem Group of Companies – a manufacturer of surfactants


  • Syntanol Plant, LLC  (subsidiary of Norkem LLC/Norkem Group of Companies) – a manufacturer of nonionic surfactants and polyethylene glycols


  • Dzerzhinsk Production Association “Plastic”, JSC – manufacture of plastic and polymeric products


  • Korund-Cyan, LLC – manufacture of inorganic chemistry products, paints and varnishes, polyurethane foams


  • Sintez Oka Group of Companies – manufacture of cement grinding intensifiers and polycarboxylate esters


  • Orgsyntez, OJSC – manufacture of paints and varnishes, pulp and paper, mechanical rubber products
Timber Industry
Оthe total area of the forest lands, which is 49.2% of the region’s total area
of all the lands covered with forests makes up the forest fund
  • Breakdown of forested areas by species of wood:
    - 1,936 thousand ha – soft-wooded broadleaf (birch, aspen, lime, alder, willow)
    - 1,497 thousand ha – coniferous (pine, spruce, larch)


  • The total stock of wood in the region’s forests with a predominance of conifers, birches and aspens is 595.4 million cubic metre


  • 58.2% – commercial forests


  • The region takes the 3rd place in Russia in terms of newsprint production with a share of 16,7%


  • The annual volume of undeveloped softwood is 2 million cubic metre, which is a significant resource for the further development of the industry and organization of the local production


  • 3,000 small enterprises are engaged in wood production


Key enterprises:


  • Volga, JSC – a manufacturer of the premium class newsprint


  • Slavic Furniture Company, LLC – furniture production


  • Unilin, LLC – flooring production


  • Stora Enso Packaging, LLC – production of containers and packaging materials


  • Hygiene Technologies, LLC – production of hygiene products


  • Bumsnab, JSC – paper and cardboard production


  • Nizhkarton, LLC – manufacture of corrugated paper and cardboard, paper and cardboard containers


  • Nordplit Plywood Factory, LLC – birch plywood production

Education, science, innovations


Education system of the Nizhny Novgorod Region

Over 900
secondary schools
Private Lomonosov School
International Baccalaureate

Over 70
secondary vocational
education institutions
Foreign Specialists
Training Program
11 higher
institutions and
17 branches
Over 26 basic
departments at higher
education establishments
93,000 students
1,700 post-graduate
20,000 graduates

The leaders in modern science and economics training are:


  • Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod


  • National Research University “Higher School of Economics”


  • Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University named after R. E. Alekseev


  • Volga State University of Water Transport


  • Minin State Pedagogical University of Nizhny Novgorod


100 organizations engaged
in R&D
The 4th in Russia in terms
of the number of people employed
in R&D
nuclear center
19,000 researchers
1,700 candidates of sciences
500 doctors of sciences
40,000 thousand
people employed in science
3 institutes
of the Russian Academy
of Sciences

The region has successfully developed scientific schools recognized around the world in the following spheres:


  • radiophysics and electronics


  • nuclear and laser physics


  • organometallic chemistry


  • microbiology


  • high technology in medicine

3 institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences:


  • Federal Research Center Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences


  • G.G. Devyatykh Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances of the Russian Academy of Sciences


  • G.A. Razuvaev Institute of Organometallic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences



The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the most attractive technological regions of Russia that has extensive experience in the development and implementation of innovations.

The 5th place in Russia
and the 2nd place in the Volga Federal
District in terms of sales of innovative
The 4th place in Russia
in terms of innovative potential
2 150 patents
registered in
In 2020, about
800 organizations
used advanced manufacturing
technologies in their activities
The 7th place in Russia
in terms of the number
of advanced production
The number of advanced
manufacturing technologies
is 28 units


Information technology

The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the leaders in the development of the IT industry in Russia. The availability of qualified specialists, infrastructure (IT parks), the successful experience of international companies in transferring some functions to the region and the competitive cost of software development compared to IT technology centers – Moscow and St. Petersburg – makes the region attractive in terms of IT solutions.


More than 1,500 IT companies are registered in the region
The number of IT employees is 33,249 people
The Nizhny Novgorod Region is a supplier of IT talents:
  • the training is carried out in 11 universities, 33 technical schools and colleges located in the region
  • the number of IT graduates is 1,800 people. (University graduates – 1,085 people, technical schools
    and colleges - 745 people)

  • /
    The main competencies of leading Nizhny Novgorod IT companies are focused in the field of software development for high-performance computing, artificial intelligence, information security, the Internet of Things and the industrial Internet, machine vision, telecom solutions, labor productivity solutions, and blockchain technology.
    The 3th place in Russia in software export
    Nizhny Novgorod software is exported to 30 countries

    The Nizhny Novgorod region has successful experience in creating technology parks.


    Ankudinovka IT Park


    • The industry specialization is information and communication technologies, instrument engineering, mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, chemical and biomedical technologies, and development of new materials


    • 40 operating residents


    • 7100 – the number of jobs created


    • RUB 76.2 billion – the volume of products manufactured by resident companies since 2007


    • RUB 9.1 billion – investments attracted by 2020


    Sarov IT Park


    • The industry specialization is information technology, laser technology, energy-efficient technology, sensors and automation, materials and coatings


    • 34 residents


    • > 600 – the number of jobs created


    • RUB 1.89 billion – the volume of products manufactured by resident companies in 2020   




    In the Nizhny Novgorod Region, there is an actively developing international IT-cluster created in 2017 (iCluster).

    iCluster is a non-profit association established to ensure interaction between corporations, technology companies and the medium-sized

    IT business, IT startups and development teams to solve common problems and participate in initiatives of the Nizhny Novgorod Region Government.


    It is a symbiosis of research centers and industrial enterprises, which allows the region to attract new investments and increase the competitive advantage of companies participating in the cluster.


    • It unites 9 corporations, 7 universities, 70 IT companies from the Nizhny Novgorod Region, more than 4,500 thousand IT specialists and 250 start-ups.


    • It has developed and introduced a digital platform for additional IT education (HiBrain) and training of specialists for the digital economy.


    • In 2020, iCluster focused on 3 other breakthrough projects: Corporate innovation sites, Smart City and the construction of an IT Сampus.



    The largest software companies:

    MERA – a developer of customized software solutions for manufacturers of information and communication equipment and software
    Intel – a manufacturer of electronic devices and computer components, including microprocessors, chipsets, the largest center for research and development of Intel software in Europe.
    HARMAN – a developer, manufacturer and supplier of a wide range of audio, lighting and multimedia solutions, integrated control systems for the automotive, consumer and professional electronics markets.
    SWTecNN – a developer of unique world-class architectural and software solutions.

    Business environment

    The region has an investor support infrastructure that provides maximum assistance to businesses. Its structure includes:


    • The Corporation for the Development of the Nizhny Novgorod Region, a special organization for attracting investments and managing investors


    • The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Nizhny Novgorod Region


    • ICANN, an international community-based organization that represents the interests of foreign investors


    • The Nizhny Novgorod Association of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs


    • The Institute of the Ombudsmen for the Protection of Rights of Entrepreneurs


    • The Institute of Investment Commissioners at the local government bodies, executive authorities and territorial administrations of the Nizhny Novgorod Region


    Nizhny Novgorod is one of the largest business and financial centers in Russia, where large Russian and foreign companies place their representative offices and headquarters.


    • Large-scale Russian and international forums, conferences and exhibitions are held annually in the region


    • Business centers are the heart of the city’s modern business life. Office premises in business centers have all the conditions for productive work of the enterprise: Internet, telephony, power network. Business centers have banks, insurance companies, canteens or cafes, conference rooms, the availability of which greatly simplifies the conduct of business


    • Office centers in Nizhny Novgorod are located in all areas of the city, mainly in the Nizhegorodsky district


    • Business centers in Nizhny Novgorod are divided into A, B and C classes


    The key business centers are:


    • The World Trade Center (it is a multifunctional Class A Business Center)
    • Bohemia Palace (Class A)
    • Mont Blanc (Class А) 
    • Lobachevsky Plaza (class A)
    • Bugrov Business Park (B+ class)
    • Oka Hotel Complex (B class)
    • Chayka (B class)
    • Orbit (B class)
    • A-Real (B class)


    Well-known international consulting companies and R&D centers have offices in Nizhny Novgorod.

    Human resources potential

    The Nizhny Novgorod Region has a developed comprehensive system of resource centers, which is the most famous in Russia.


    Training in professional educational organizations is carried out as part of the implementation of significant projects for the region, such as:


    • The priority project “Human Resources for Advanced Technologies”


    • The State Program “Development of Education of the Nizhny Novgorod Regions” until 2020


    • The regional staffing standard for industrial growth in the Nizhny Novgorod Region determined by state priorities


      The main goal of resource centers is to train highly qualified personnel with the implementation of international standards and the best international practices.


      The training is carried out in close cooperation between industrial enterprises, the region’s Ministry of Education, Science and Youth Policy of the Nizhny Novgorod Region and vocational education institutions.

    Development of the system of professional qualification:


    • Training of 13,000 workers per year
    • Training of specialists in sectors of the economy that are priority for the region:
      - Engineering and metallurgy
      - Chemical and petrochemical industry
      - Information technologies
      - Water transport
      - Agriculture
      - Construction industry, housing and utilities
      - Hospitality services


      • 32 resource centers for vocational education (increase in the number of resource centers to 35 by 2020)
        • Resource centers are created in cooperation with large enterprises – Lukoil, Liebherr, Danieli, Yazaki, Knauf etc.


    Resource centers for personnel support of investment projects




    Since 2019, the region has been implementing the "Young Professionals" project (Increasing the competitiveness of vocational education) within the framework of the "Education" national project. Within the framework of the project, work is underway to create a network of modern workshops equipped with a modern material and technical base. In accordance with the priorities of the development of the Russian economy, the workshops create conditions for the practical training of students of secondary vocational education in accordance with modern standards and advanced technologies, including the standards of the WorldSkills Association. The equipment of the workshops makes it possible to train specialists with scarce competencies, possessing advanced industry and the latest digital technologies. Currently, in the Nizhny Novgorod region, on the bases of 9 professional educational organizations, there are 50 modern workshops in such areas as:


    • Information and communication technologies


    • Social sphere


    • Transport service and logistics


    • Agriculture


    • Construction Art, design and services


    Transport infrastructure. Logistics

    The Nizhny Novgorod Region is the largest transport and logistics center in Russia with a developed infrastructure.


    The region is located in the heart of the European part of Russia. It is located at the intersection of major highways and railways from north to south and from west to east. The development of the transport logistics system and the expansion of the infrastructure of the Nizhny Novgorod Region increase the access to sales markets.

    Road Transport /
    Road Transport

    Highways connect the vast territory of the region, ensure the vital activity of cities and settlements, the mobility of population and access to material resources and raw materials, thereby determining opportunities of the economic development of the Nizhny Novgorod Region.

    The total length of roads in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 33 thousand km,
  • federal roads – 577 km
  • regional roads – 13 thousand km
  • local roads – 19,5 thousand km
  • Railroad Transport/
    Railroad Transport
    • The total length of railways of the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 1,8 thousand km


    • In Nizhny Novgorod, there is the largest railway station on the Gorky Railway


    • The distance from Nizhny Novgorod to Moscow is 400 km (20 trains per day, the minimum travel time is 3,5 hours)


    • There is the leader of the Gorky Railway in terms of loading – the Zeletsino station near Nizhny Novgorod


    • An average of 45 freight trains are formed per day at the Nizhny Novgorod-Sortirovochny station
    Air Transport/
    Air Transport
    • The V.P.Chkalov International Airport is located 12 km from Nizhny Novgorod


    • It is compliant with ISAGO international safety standards (IATA Safety Audit for Ground Operations)


    • It serves up to 30 federal and 10 regional airlines


    • Flight from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod (up to 15 flights per day, travel time - 60 minutes)


    • The throughput is 1.2 million people per year


    • > 40 routes, 29 Russian and international companies
    River Transport/
    River Transport
    • The main waterway of the region is the Volga - the largest European river


    • Waterways of the Nizhny Novgorod Region give access to five seas washing the European part of Russia – the White, Baltic, Azov, Black and Caspian seas


    • The total length of navigable waterways of the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 1,1 thousand km


    • Shipping lines run along the Volga, Oka, Vetluga and Sura rivers


    • The largest ports are: Nizhny Novgorod, Dzerzhinsk, Gorodets, Bor and Kstovo

    City environment

    The Nizhny Novgorod Region provides all conditions for comfortable living and doing business.

    Developed infrastructure, numerous attractions and a rich history of the capital of the Volga Federal District – Nizhny Novgorod, as well as major business and cultural events contribute to increasing the investment appeal of the region.

    The urban planning system uses Smart City technologies aimed at creating an effective urban management system, safe and comfortable living conditions for citizens.  


    The commissioning of housing in the region shows stable growth over the past 5 years
    In 2020, enterprises and organizations of all forms of incorporation, individual entrepreneurs and the population of the Nizhny Novgorod Region built 5,992 houses with 16,596 apartments
    In 2020, 1,48 thousand sq. m of housing was commissioned, including new business-class buildings
    In 2020, the Nizhny Novgorod Region took the 3th place among the regions of the Volga Federal District and 14th place in Russia in terms of housing construction
    According to the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), at the end of 2020, the cost of housing in the primary market in the Nizhny Novgorod Region amounted to RUB 75.2 thousand per sq. m, in the secondary market – RUB 70.6 thousand per sq. m

    There are 272 certified accommodation facilities, with a total number of about 10 thousand rooms for more than 20 thousand guests, in the region. Also, there are hotels of various class in the region, including 5*, 4*, 3*, 2*.

    New hotels of the world's leading chains were built in Nizhny Novgorod for the 2018 FIFA World Cup:

    Sheraton 5* – the first five-star hotel of the international brand in the historical center of the capital of the Volga Federal District
    Courtyard by Marriott 4* – the first hotel of the Marriott international hotel operator in the region is aimed for the business tourism segment, which implies increased requirements for comfort
    Hampton by Hilton 3* - three-star hotel of an international chain, located in the cultural and historical part of Nizhny Novgorod
    Cultural and Entertainment Infrastructure

    Numerous festivals and celebrations are held in the region throughout the year.


    • Sakharov International Art Festival with performances of world-class classical music stars


    • Festivals of folk crafts "Golden Khokhloma" and "Folk Craftsmen Brotherhood", which are held in the cities of Semenov and Gorodets, are among the "Top 200 Best Events in Russia"


    • The Gorky fest is a contest of contemporary Russian cinema, the program of which includes films of various formats from short films and sketch films to experimental video and documentary films. The festival is attended by Russian film stars and special foreign guests


    • Festival of Contemporary Culture "VYKSA | Art Ovrag" is a festival of modern culture, traditionally held annually in the city of Vyksa, Nizhny Novgorod region, contains of events in the areas of theater, music, architecture, visual art, sports, dance and food International Festival of Classical and Contemporary Art


    • The STRELKA has been held since 2019. Opera artists and symphony orchestras take part in the festival. The main venue of the festival is an open-air concert hall, it was built on the basis of historical metal warehouses


    • The Intervals International Festival of Audiovisual Art  is a new format of the festival, held at the iconic venues of Nizhny Novgorod, in which iconic foreign and Russian artists and musicians unite in order to introduce the widest audience to the world of media art


    • The Boldinskaya Autumn festival is the All-Russian Pushkin Festival of Opera and Ballet Art


    • The City of Potters is a festival of pottery, which is annually held in Bogorodsk, the Nizhny Novgorod Region



    In Nizhny Novgorod, there are several theaters:


    • The Opera and Ballet Theater named after A. Pushkin


    • The Academic Drama Theater named after M. Gorky


    • The Nizhny Novgorod Comedy Theater


    • The Young Spectator Theater


    • The Puppet Theater




    The city passenger transport system includes

    Trolley buses/
    Trolley buses
    Route taxis/
    Route taxis
    Commuter trains/
    Commuter trains
    River Transport/
    River Transport
    Nizhny Novgorod cableway




    • In 2020, 227.7 million people were transported by public buses
    Pavlovsky Bus (part of the GAZ Group) is the largest producer of small and medium-sized buses in Russia and among the ten top global manufacturers.



    The Nizhny Novgorod subway is among the 7 largest subways in the country - it includes two lines and 15 stations. The subway network covers five of the eight districts of Nizhny Novgorod.


    • The Nizhny Novgorod subway passenger flow is about 30 million people per year


    • 3rd place by number of stations and network length in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg





    The Nizhny Novgorod tram connects the lines of the upper and lower parts of the city, opening wonderful views of the largest water arteries in the region – the Oka and the Volga rivers.


    • The Nizhny Novgorod tram system is one of the oldest and one of the first tram systems in Russia.





    The cableway connects Nizhny Novgorod with its satellite town Bor located on the left bank of the Volga.


    • The Nizhny Novgorod cableway is in the European and Russian Book of Records for the largest cableway span over the water surface – 861.21 m


    Safety Level

    Reducing the crime level in the region is contributed by measures taken to combat organized crime.


    In 2020:


    • The crime rate in the region is below the national average


    • The absolute number of encroachments has decreased by 19.8%


    • The overall disclosure rate has increased and amounted to 66%


    According to a survey of foreign respondents who arrived for the 2018 World Cup, the Nizhny Novgorod Region has a high level of public safety.


    Foreign students from Nizhny Novgorod Universities also assess the level of security in the city as high.



    The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the centers of environmental measures aimed at the conservation and restoration of the wealth of natural river resources.


    The main measures to improve the environmental situation in Nizhny Novgorod and the Nizhny Novgorod Region are aimed at maintaining favorable and comfortable living conditions for people, preventing negative impacts on the environment and eliminating their consequences, developing cities under the condition of minimal negative effects on the environment.


    • Creation of an integrated municipal solid waste management system
    Introduction of a separate household waste collection system and development of environmental consciousness of the population
    Commissioning of new facilities for processing municipal solid waste
    Construction of missing infrastructure facilities of the industry (including high-tech enterprises for processing household and industrial waste, centers for the development of resource-saving technologies and waste management – environmental technological parks, multifunctional sorting complexes)
    • Preservation of unique water bodies in the Nizhny Novgorod Region
    Environmental restoration of water bodies/
    Environmental restoration of water bodies
    Construction and reconstruction of drinking water supply facilities/
    Construction and reconstruction of drinking water supply facilities
    Construction, reconstruction and modernization of treatment facilities in the territory of municipal and urban districts of the Nizhny Novgorod Region/
    Construction, reconstruction and modernization of treatment facilities in the territory of municipal and urban districts of the Nizhny Novgorod Region
    River Bed Clearing/
    River Bed Clearing
    • Mitigation of the negative environmental impact


    Elimination of unauthorized landfills within the boundaries of cities and restoration of relevant territories
    Elimination of the most hazardous facilities with accumulated environmental damage to the environment
    • Conservation of forests and green areas 
    Increasing the area of artificial reforestation, improving the quality and effectiveness of reforestation
    Improving the efficiency of forest protection from fires, including by reducing the area of dead forest plantations and diminishing the damage from forest fires
    Provision of specialized forestry machinery and equipment for reforestation
    Organization of annual planting of seedlings of trees and shrubs in cities

    The ongoing environmental policy and the implementation of environmental measures ensure a stable environmental situation in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.


    Medical Services

    The accessibility and quality of medical care for the population is one of the most important areas of healthcare.

    The region has an extensive clinical base:

    More than 1,400 healthcare facilities and their structural divisions in the Nizhny Novgorod Region
    About 200 private medical centers in Nizhny Novgorod operating in accordance with international standards

    Over the past 6 years, the number of medical organizations providing assistance under the compulsory medical insurance increased by 6 times in the Nizhny Novgorod Region. By this indicator, the region is the leader in the Volga Federal District.

    According to the “Healthcare” national project, it is planned to allocate RUB 5.3 billion for the development of medical services
    Within the framework of the Governor's Initiative “Accessible Medicine”, for more than 3 years, a new format of field work - "Trains of Health" has been organized

    Mobile diagnostic laboratories serve about 213 remote settlements in the Nizhny Novgorod Region:

    • 35 thousand patients examined


    • 58 thousand consultations conducted


    • more than 38 thousand examinations performed


    Specialized medical care in the Nizhny Novgorod region is
    provided by 45 state medical organizations, including:

    • Nizhny Novgorod Regional Hospital named after N.A. Semashko


    •  Nizhny Novgorod Regional Children's Clinical Hospital


      • Specialized Cardiac Surgery Clinical Hospital named after academician B.A.Korolev;


      • Clinical Diagnostic Center

    High-tech medical care is provided in 16 medical organizations of the region, including:

    • Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Privolzhsky Research Medical University" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation


    • The Volga District Medical Center of the FMBA of Russia

    Human resources potential:


    • Privolzhsky Research Medical University for over a century has been preparing specialists for medical institutions throughout Russia and occupies the highest positions among the higher medical institutions of the Russian Federation ("TOP-50 universities of the Russian Federation" and "TOP-5 universities of the Ministry of Health of Russia")


    • The Rural Doctor (Rural Paramedic) program, under which a one-time compensation payment is provided  


    Conditions for Foreign Citizens

    All conditions have been created for comfortable living of foreign specialists in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.


    • Educational institutions with an option to study in a foreign language


    • Multilingual kindergartens


    • World level polyclinics and hospitals


    • Premium hotels, including major international hotel chains


    • Modern shopping and leisure centers


    • Multifunctional fitness centers and fitness clubs


    • Haute cuisine restaurants


    Today, top managers of many foreign companies who have moved to the region with their families live in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.


    Smart City

    To improve the quality of life in Nizhny Novgorod, a whole range of tasks is being solved for the planning and construction of urban infrastructure, the accounting and distribution of housing and utility resources, the development of a personalized city services ecosystem with a single and user-friendly interface.


    The main tool for solving these tasks is widespread introduction of advanced digital and engineering Smart City solutions in the urban and municipal infrastructure.

    The project for introducing the Smart City technology is implemented as part of the national Housing and Urban Environment project and the national Digital Economy program and is based on 5 key principles:
    • user orientation


    • technological effectiveness of the urban infrastructure


    • improving the quality of the urban resource management


    • comfortable and safe environment


    • focus on economic efficiency, including the service component of the urban environment


    Pilot area: Nizhny Novgorod, Dzerzhinsk, Sarov

    The introduction of the Smart City concept in the region occurs in several directions:


    • The operation of the 112 service, traffic video recording systems and video surveillance, road traffic monitoring, weight control and forest fire monitoring are carried out using the Safe City hardware and software system


    • The development of the regional navigation and information system includes the management of passenger transportation, school buses and utility vehicles


    • Creation of "smart" public transport stops - installation of 334 innovative pavilions, equipped with a video surveillance system, displays showing the time of transport arrival, sensors for round-the-clock monitoring of atmospheric air quality and vending machines.


    • Development of an electronic public services system: currently, the portal of public services of the Nizhny Novgorod Region provides information on the procedure for obtaining 2,765 services



    • Implementation of the project "Guest Card - Nizhny Card" aimed at a comfortable stay for guests of the region. The guest card provides the possibility:

    - to visit 16 museums, galleries and exhibition halls

    - special offers and discounts in the best institutions of the city (restaurants, cafes, hotels, etc.)

    - convenient mobile application, a travel guide; the card also has a banking application

    Agriculture and agro-industrial complex

    Today, the Nizhny Novgorod Region is a developing agricultural area that occupies a leading position in the production and processing of agricultural products.

    The area of agricultural land is 2,700 thousand ha, including:

    • Arable land – 1,890 thousand ha (1,359 thousand ha – in use, 195 thousand ha – suitable for cultivation, 336 thousand ha – unsuitable for cultivation)


    • Hayfields, pastures & other – 816 thousand ha


    The Nizhny Novgorod Region occupies high positions in the agricultural sector
    egg production
    million eggs
    thousand tons
    thousand tons
    milk production
    thousand tons
    production of grain and legumes
    thousand tons
    • 1st place in the Volga Federal district in terms of fiber flax production – 4.5 thousand tons

    • 2nd place in the Volga Federal District by potato planting area – 748.8 thousand tons


    • 4th place in the Volga Federal District by egg production – 1 286.2 million eggs


    • 5th place in the Volga Federal District by vegetable production – 188.3 thousand tons


    • 6th place in the Volga Federal District by sugar beet production – 330.0 thousand tons


    • 6th place in the Volga Federal District by milk production – 641.8 thousand tons


    • 9th place in the Volga Federal District by grain and leguminous crops production – 1,614.6 thousand tons

    • 9th place in the Volga Federal District by livestock and poultry production for slaughter – 162.2 thousand tons


    The main producers of agricultural products are agricultural organizations and farms.


    About 300 agricultural producers of raw milk and about 50 milk processing enterprises are registered in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.



    Key enterprises:


    • Gorkovsky Agricultural Greenhouse Complex, OJSC – agricultural greenhouse enterprise for the production of closed-ground vegetable products


    • AFG National Group of Companies is a leading producer of packaged cereals in Russia


    • Rassvet Agricultural Enterprise, LLC – cultivation of annual crops


    • Nizhniy Novgorod Hemp Fiber, LLC – large scale manufacture of industrial hemp products


    • NNPP, LLC – reproduction, growing, fattening and sale of pigs


    • Knyagininskiy milk, JSC – the largest center for milk processing


    • Poultry Farm "Pavlovskaya", LLC – production of poultry meat and eggs



    According to the Federal State Statistics Service, the growth rate of tourist flow to the Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the highest in Russia: the number of tourists in the region is increasing every year.

    There are more than 600 monuments of historical and cultural heritage of Russia in the Nizhny Novgorod Region

      In 2018, 2.8 million people visited the Nizhny Novgorod Region during the World Cup, including 1.5 million tourists. It is planned to increase the tourist flow to 3.1 million people by 2021.


    The Pushkins’ family estate located in the village of Bolshoe Boldino, where the great Russian poet A.S. Pushkin lived and worked
    Unique natural sites, such as Bornukovskaya cave, Kerzhensky Reserve, Ichalkovsky Reserve/
    Unique natural sites, such as Bornukovskaya cave, Kerzhensky Reserve, Ichalkovsky Reserve
    Monuments of nature/
    Monuments of nature - Vadskoe lake and Svetloyar lake, where, according to legend, Kitezh-grad immersed in the first half of the XIV century
    •	At the mouth of the Kerzhenets River, there is the Zheltovodsky Makaryev Convent founded in the first half of the 15th century by the Monk and Wonderworker Makariy/
    At the mouth of the Kerzhenets River, there is the Zheltovodsky Makaryev Convent founded in the first half of the 15th century by the Monk and Wonderworker Makariyм
    The Diveyevo Monastery is a place of Orthodox pilgrimage/
    The Diveyevo Monastery is a place of Orthodox pilgrimage


    The Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is the heart of the historical part of Nizhny  Novgorod/
    The Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is the heart of the historical part of Nizhny Novgorod and the oldest architectural monument of the city
    Volga and Oka embankments. Verkhnevolzhskaya embankment is located in the historical center of the city, parallel to Nizhnevolzhskaya embankment, from which you can see Strelka - the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers
    Bolshaya Pokrovskaya/
    Bolshaya Pokrovskaya is the main pedestrian street of Nizhny Novgorod, where many architectural and historical monuments are located
    Rozhdestvenskaya Street/
    Rozhdestvenskaya Street is one of the oldest and most picturesque in Nizhny Novgorod, it preserves the spirit of the merchant city of the 17th - 19th centuries
    Nizhny Novgorod/
    The Nizhny Novgorod Fair is a historical district where the largest fair of the Russian Empire was held


    Kashirin’s House, where the writer M. Gorky spent his childhood
    In Gorodets, there are numerous museums dedicated to needlework and craftsmanship, life and history of the Volga people
    The only cave complex in Russia with an underground Mining museum in Peshelan
    V.P. Chkalov Memorial Museum/
    V.P. Chkalov Memorial Museum – a complex built in honor of the pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union

    Folk arts and crafts

    The Nizhny Novgorod Region left a strong imprint in the history of traditional Russian arts
    Khokhloma painting

    Golden Khokhloma is one of the oldest original Russian folk crafts, which for centuries has shaped the way of life of entire generations and is an integral part of the Russian culture. A Khokhloma feature is the manufacture of gilded wooden dishes without the use of precious metals and a peculiar plant and grass painting. The symbol of Khokhloma painting is a fiery firebird decorated with bright flowers.
    Kazakovskaya filigree

    Kazakovskaya filigree is one of the oldest types of artistic metal working – “skan” (from old Russian “to twist”) or filigree, as this kind of jewelry technique is also called. Kazakovskoe Enterprise of Art Products, CJSC, produces a wide range of art products: decorative vases and bowls, music boxes, cup holders, vases, candy bowls, women's jewelry, teaspoons, cups, medals, badges, orders and insignia for the Russian army.
    Gorodets golden embroidery

    Gorodets golden embroidery is one of the oldest and most unique types of highly artistic folk arts in Russia. Embroidery, clothes and scarves richly decorated with gold were mandatory clothing items of wealthy ladies of merchant cities of the Nizhny Novgorod Region, including the city of Gorodets. A sparkling pattern adorned women’s festive clothing, which was the pride of the family, it was carefully stored and passed from mother to daughter as a reliable, never depreciating capital.
    Balakhna lace-making

    Russian lacework appeared in the 17th century. It not only preserved and developed the best traditions of craftswomen of European countries, but also became a genuine national artistic phenomenon, the independence of which is expressed in the richness of color, a variety of techniques and the graphic nature of the ornament. One of the famous lace centers in the 18th - 19th centuries was an ancient city on the Volga – Balakhna.
    Pottery and art ceramics

    Pottery in Bogorodsk has existed since the foundation of the village of Bogorodskoye in 1570. The heyday of pottery occurred at the end of the 19th, beginning of the 20th centuries, when the products of Bogorodsk craftsmen became known to most of Russia. Bogorodsk potters made a wide variety of pottery for all occasions: pots, bowls, milk jars, ewers, trays, milk buckets, field buckets, earthenware pots, jars, Easter plates, jelly cups and even samovars. Another center of pottery and art ceramics is the city of Balakhna. Here people used the old technique of oxygen-free wood burning.
    Leather works

    Leatherworking in the Nizhny Novgorod governorate began to develop in the second half of the 17th century and spread to many cities. Its development was contributed by the availability of local material: oak and potash lime. The production was quite profitable. People made leather and consumer articles of it using various kinds of finishes.
    Semenov painting

    One of the symbols of Russia is the traditional Russian nesting doll – a bright elegant beauty with pink cheeks and scarlet roses on her apron. The ancient folk craft of making wooden toys with paintings originated in the rich in talents Nizhny Novgorod land at the beginning of the 20th century.
    Glass blowing

    Glass-blowing of Christmas tree decorations appeared in Nizhny Novgorod in the 60s of the last century. Glassblowers then worked in the old fashioned way and used simple kerosene burners for blowing. Toys were blown out using glass tubes. The factory of glass Christmas-tree decorations “Ariel” continues the traditions of the production of Christmas-tree decorations made of glass, which were laid down in 1936 in Gorky, and currently has the status of an enterprise of folk art crafts of the Nizhny Novgorod Region.
    Novinki wooden toy

    In the Nizhny Novgorod Region, there were several centers for the production of axe-chip toys. The earliest of them is Chkalovsky. Early toys of the end of the 18th – beginning of the 19th centuries include push-wheels, propellers, spinners, blacksmiths on movable slats.