General information

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Geographical position


The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the largest regions of Russia, located in the central part of the East European Plain. It is part of the Volga Federal District, whose administrative center is Nizhny Novgorod.

Distance from Nizhny Novgorod to Moscow:
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climate

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The climate in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is moderately continental

All seasons are prominent in the region.
  • Winter is long (lasts 6 months)
  • Summer is relatively short and moderately warm

The average temperature in the region: -12 °C in January, +19 °C in July.
The average annual precipitation in the region - 500 mm.

POPULATION

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The population of the Nizhny Novgorod Region:
3.2 million people

the 3rd place in the Volga Federal District

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The population of Nizhny Novgorod:
1.2 million people

the 5th place by population in Russia

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The density of population:
41.5 people per sq. km
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The share of urban population:
79.8%
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The life expectancy:
70.3 years:
  • men - 64.7 year
  • women - 75.9 year
ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE

Nizhny Novgorod Region includes 26 municipal districts, 15 urban and 11 municipal districts. The administrative center of the region is Nizhny Novgorod.

 

The largest cities in the region:

ETHNIC STRUCTURE

 

The Nizhny Novgorod Region is a multi-ethnic region, where representatives of more than 100 people and ethnic groups live (according to the 2010 census).

 

Ethnic breakdown of nizhniy novgorod region/
  • Russians – 93,9%

  • Tatars – 1,3%

  • Mordovians – 0,6%

  • Chuvash – 0,3%

  • Mari – 0,2%

  • Other – 3,7%

The Nizhny Novgorod region is characterized by a multiconfessional population. More than 775 religious organizations are registered in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.

Religious organization/
  • Orthodoxy – 592 units

  • Islam – 58 units

  • Old belief – 14 units

  • Catholicism – 1 units

  • Judaism – 2 units

  • Other – 107 units

Natural resources

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The total forest area in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 3.8 million ha (48% of the region’s total area).
Coniferous and broad-leaved, as well as mixed forests grow in the region. There are Kerzhensky and Ichalkovsky reserves in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.

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The fauna of the Nizhny Novgorod Region is diverse. On its territory there are a number of animals listed the Red Book of Russia, including 31 species of mammals and 75 species of birds.
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The Nizhny Novgorod Region is rich in minerals. On its territory there are deposits of such resources as:

  • Iron ores
  • Titanium and zirconium ores (“black sands”)
  • Peat and sapropel
  • Loams
  • Other

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

GRP GROWTH RATES (BILLION RUBLES)
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The gross regional product of the Nizhny Novgorod region is growing annually

In 2019, the gross regional product amounted to RUB 1.622 billion

The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the 15th largest economies in Russia

INDUSTRIAL OUTPUT
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The industrial production index in 2020 – 93.4%
(in Russia – 97.4%)
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
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  • Manufacturing enterprises – 90,8%

  • Provision of electric energy, gas and steam; air conditioning – 7,2%

  • Water supply; water disposal, organization of waste collection and disposal, pollution elimination – 1,9%

  • Mining of natural resources – 0,1%
MANUFACTURING OUTPUT
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Top 10 in Russia by industrial production volumes
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By sales volume of manufacturing enterprises products, the Nizhny Novgorod Region is the 2nd in the Volga Federal District and the 7th among all Russian regions.

KEY BUSINESSES

 

The industrial potential of the Nizhny Novgorod Region is made up of the largest enterprises in the automotive, engineering, metallurgy, chemistry and petrochemistry, defense and nuclear industries.

 

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  • Gorky Automobile Plant

  • Pavlovo Bus Factory

  • Sokol Aircraft Plant

  • Krasnoye Sormovo Shipbuilding Plant

  • Vyksa Metallurgical Plant

  • Nizhny Novgorod Engineering Plant

  • Arzamas Instrument-Making Plant

  • Hydromash

  • Ya.M. Sverdlov Plant

  • SIBUR-Neftekhim

  • Lukoil-Nefteorgsintez

  

THE NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION’S INDUSTRY IN THE TOTAL RUSSIAN PRODUCTION

 

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Buses with a max weight of no more
than 5 tons
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Buses with a max weight of more
than 5 tons
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Trucks
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PVC and ethylene
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Steel pipes
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Safe glass
INVESTMENT
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The volume of investment in fixed assets in 2020 – RUB 383.1 billion (2nd place in the Volga Federal District) The index of the physical volume of investments in fixed assets amounted to 120.6% compared to the level of 2019

The volume of foreign direct investment in 2020 – US $1,152 million

By the volume of foreign direct investment, the Nizhny Novgorod Region is the 1st and the 14th among all Russian regions

ACCESS TO HUMAN RESOURCES
Resource centers/
Top 5 regions of Russia in terms of educational potential

20,000 university graduates annually

80 professional and 100 research organizations

13,000 ready qualified professionals for enterprises annually
QUALITY OF LIFE

Nizhny Novgorod takes 1st place in Russia in terms of quality of life – 2020 (according to the Numbeo international research portal)

 

The average monthly wage in 2020 – RUB 37,601 per month (+32.4% for the last 5 years)

(Higher than the average for the Volga Federal District)

 

In 2020, the level of officially registered unemployment in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 3.2% 

 

The minimum wage in 2020 is RUB 10,833

  

Building

In 2020, the volume of construction work was RUB 192.8 billion (3rd place in the Volga Federal District)

 

 5,992 buildings with 16,596 comfortable apartments constructed with a total area of nearly 1.48 million sq. m (the 3th place by the commissioned housing in the Volga Federal District)

 

The volume of housing construction in 2020 vs. the previous year is 104.7%   

 

 

TRADE AND SERVICES

In 2020, retail trade turnover amounted to RUB 756 billion (the 3rd place  in the Volga Federal District and 9th place in Russia)

 

The volume of paid services to the people amounted to RUB 171.8 billion (the 3rd place  in the Volga Federal District and 9th place in Russia)

    

RATINGS

At the end of 2020, the Nizhny Novgorod Region occupies the following positions
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ASI National Rating

6th place in the National rating of investment climate in Russia

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RAEX (RAEX-Analytics)

Top 10 regions with the maximum investment potential

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RAEX (RAEX-Analytics)

Rating of the region’s investment climate – 2A (“medium potential” and “minimal risk”)

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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”)

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Fitch Ratings

Long-term rating in national and foreign currencies – “BB” with a stable outlook

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Moody's Investors Service

Long-term international rating in national currency – “Ba3” with a stable outlook

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RIA rating

13th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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Numbeo International Statistical Database

Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 136rd place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2020”, St. Petersburg takes the 187th position, Moscow – the 194th position)

At the end of 2019, the Nizhny Novgorod Region occupies the following positions
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RBC rating

Top 10 regions of Russia for quality of life

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ASI National Rating

Top 20 of the National rating of investment climate in Russia

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RAEX (Expert-RA)

Top 10 regions with the maximum investment potential

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RAEX (Expert-RA)

Rating of the region’s investment climate – 2A (“medium potential” and “minimal risk”)

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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”)

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Fitch Ratings

Long-term rating in national and foreign currencies – “BB” with a stable outlook

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Moody's Investors Service

Long-term international rating in national currency – “Ba3” with a stable outlook

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RIA rating

15th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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Numbeo International Statistical Database

Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 123rd place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2019”, St. Petersburg takes the 187th position, Moscow – the 194th position)

At the end of 2018, the Nizhny Novgorod Region occupies the following positions
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Fitch Ratings

Long-term rating in national and foreign currencies – “BB” with a stable outlook

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Moody's Investors Service

Long-term international rating in national currency – “Ba3” with a stable outlook

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RAEX (Expert-RA)

Rating of the region’s investment climate – 2A (“medium potential” and “minimal risk”)

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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”) (1 of 3 regions of the Volga Federal District)

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RIA rating

16th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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Numbeo International Statistical Database

Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 109th place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2019”, St. Petersburg takes the 182nd position, Moscow – the 191st position)

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Forbes Life

Nizhny Novgorod is a leader in the ranking of the most promising cities in Russia. The magazine conducted research of changes in the quality of life and cultural events over the past 10 years.

At the end of 2017, the Nizhny Novgorod Region occupied the following positions
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Fitch Ratings

Long-term rating in national and foreign currencies – “BB” with a stable outlook

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Moody's Investors Service

Long-term international rating in national currency – “B1” with a positive outlook

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RAEX (Expert-RA)

Rating of the region’s investment climate – 2A (“medium potential” and “minimal risk”)

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RIA rating

The Nizhny Novgorod Region was among the top 20 of leaders of the “Rating of Regions by Quality of Life - 2017”, taking the 14th place in the rating of Russian regions by the quality of life

At the end of 2016, the Nizhny Novgorod Region occupied the following positions
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Fitch Ratings

Long-term rating in national and foreign currencies – “BB-” with a stable outlook

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RAEX (Expert-RA)

Rating of the region’s investment climate – 2A (“medium potential” and “minimal risk”)

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RIA rating

The Nizhny Novgorod Region was among the top 20 of leaders of the “Rating of Regions by Quality of Life - 2016”, taking the 14th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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Russian-German Chamber of Commerce

According to the survey, the Nizhny Novgorod Region was among the top 7 regions of the Russian Federation, which German business considers the most attractive in terms of investments.